an equilateral triangle is inscribed in a circle of radius 4 cm. find the area of the part of the circle other than the part covered by the triangle.
The area between the circle and the triangle = area of the circle - area of the triangle.
Area of the circle = r^2*pi = 4^2*22/7 = 50.29
Area of the triangle:
Let ABC be a triangle, O is the center of the circle.
Let us connect between OA, OB, and OC
OA= OB= OC = r = 4
Now we have divided the triangle into three equl triangles.
Then the area of the triangle ABC = 3*area of the treiangle AOB.
The tiangle AOB is an isoscele. and the angle AOB = 120 degree, then angle OAB = angle OBA = 30 degree.
Let OD be perpindicular on AB ,
==> OA^2 = OD^2 +(AB/2)^2
==> 4^2 = OD^2 + AB^2/4
But sinA = OD/ OA
==> sin30 = OD / 4 = 1/2
==> OD = 2
==> 4^2 = 2^2 +AB^2/4
==> 16 = 4 +AB^2/4
==> 12 = AB^2/4
==> AB^2 = 48
==> AB = sqrt48 = 4sqrt3
Then area of the small triangle = (1/2)*4sqrt3*2 = 4sqrt3
The area of the big triangle = 3*4sqrt3 = 12sqrt3= 20.78
Then the area between the circle and the triangle is:
a = 50.29- 20-78= 29.51
For an equilateral triangle with side a, the radius of the circumcircle is (1/2)*a*sec(pi/6) or (1/2)(2/sqrt3)a or a/sqrt3.
The area of an equilateral triangle with side a is (sqrt3/4)a^2.
As the radius of the circumcircle is given as 4:
a/sqrt3=4 or a =4sqrt3
The area of the triangle works out to (sqrt3/4)a^2=(sqrt3/4)a^2=(sqrt3/4)(4sqrt3)^2= 12sqrt3
As the area of the circle is pi*r^2=pi*4^2=pi*16, the area left over after the area of the triangle is eliminated is 16*pi-12sqrt3= 50.2654-20.7846=29.4808
We know that area of the triangle = (1/2)bcsinA
We know that a/sinA = 2R, or a = 2RsinA. where R is circum radius. a,b,c are ths sides and A = angle between the sides b and c of the triangle.
In case of equilateral triangle a = b =c and angles A=B= C = 60 deg, each. The circumradius R = 4cm is given.
So the area of the equilateral triangle = (1/2) a^2* sin60 = (1/2) (2R*sinA)^2 * sinA = 2R^2*(sin60)^3 = 2*4^2*(sqrt3/2)^3 =
=32*(sqrt3/2)^3 =20.7846 sq cm
Area of the circum circle = pi*R^2 = pi*4^2 = 50.2655sq cm
Therefore the area of the circumcircle uncovered by the inscribed equilateral triangle = (50.2655-20.7846)sq cm = 29.4809sq cm.