An athlete with undiagnosed & untreated type 1 diabetes decides to enter for either a 100-metre sprint or a marathon. Which one is most suitable for him? Why is it suitable and the other...

An athlete with undiagnosed & untreated type 1 diabetes decides to enter for either a 100-metre sprint or a marathon. Which one is most suitable for him? Why is it suitable and the other isn't?

Plz note: the question is all about diabetes.

Asked on by tchrome

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bandmanjoe's profile pic

bandmanjoe | Middle School Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

Posted on

If I were choosing for this athlete, I would advise him towards the 100-meter sprint.  The reason I would choose this event for him is it is a shorter event, requiring more physical exertion in a smaller time frame.  Most 100-meter sprints are over in about 15 seconds, as opposed to marathons, which can take hours to finish.  Diabetes is a disease that affects the bodys ability to manipulate glucose, which is the blood sugar the body uses as a fuel for energy.  A person who has type 1 dabetes produces little or no amounts of a hormone called insulin, which regulates the amount of sugar in the blood.  Such a person must receive daily injections of insulin.  Insulin is manufactured by beta-cells in an organ called the pancreas.  Insulin forces excess glucose out of the blood stream into storage in another organ, the liver.  This excessive glucose is released from the liver, when blood sugar levels dip, by the release of another hormone, glucagon.  So, given the short time frame, versus the long time frame, an athlete with blood sugar issues would be better managed in shorter increments of time, such as the 100-meter dash.

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