It is true that there are four naturally occurring isotopes of iron: 5.845% of 54Fe, 91.754% of 56Fe, 2.119% of 57Fe and 0.282% of 58Fe. However, the atomic mass listed for an element of the periodic table is not represented by any of these. The atomic mass is a weighted average of all of the possible isotopes.
The actual mass of each isotope is given by its mass number (ignoring the mass of the electrons). So, Iron-54 has a mass of 54 amu, Iron-56 is 56 amu, Iron-57 is 57 amu, and iron-58 is 58 amu. To get the atomic mass of iron as stated on the periodic table you would have to multiply each isotopes mass by its percent (as a decimal) and then add the results. This will produce the weighted average of 55.845 amu found in the table.
So, if you were to randomly pick an iron atom out of a well mixed representative sample you would most likely pick iron-56 which is the most abundant isotope. However, you will never pick an isotope with a mass of 55.845 amu because there is no such thing.