Planning and leading are the most important of the four management process.
Planning involves establishing mission statement, defining the goals of the organisation and determining the activities and resources required to achieve them, whereby managers should decide what to do, how to do it, when to do it and by whom it is to be done.
If there is no planning there will we no business purpose.
Leading plays a very crucial part in the business organisation. A leader is interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and motivates people to follow that direction. If there is no good leadership the business will not reach its objective. It is like a ship with no skipper.
Every successful business requires effective leadership to fully utilise the skills of staff in order to achieve the aims of the business. This is not just a matter for larger businesses, even if only one or two people is employed manager still need to make sure that they make the most of their abilities and aptitudes.
People who are organized generally accomplish much more than disorganized individuals. The same is true of organized departments or businesses. Those managers who can master the organization function will enjoy a much smoother tenure in the management position. Considering organizing, a successful leader will organize their staffs, assign task, delegate responsibilities to employees and to determine the way the business will operate.
Smith and Cronjé (2003:390) state that the technical meaning of ‘control’ in business is the process whereby management ensures that the actual works fit in with the predetermined goals and planned activities.
The aim of control is to keep deviations from planned activities so that the goals can be achieved with fewer problems.
Controlling involves assessing and monitoring performance, compare with set standards, identifying variants and taking remedial action.
A good leader will definitely achieve the planned activities of an organization with fewer problems and will take necessary action if the organization deviates.
To conclude, a business with no vision is nothing and with a good leader the business will meet its objectives.
Planning, organizing, leading and controlling (POLC) are the four basic processes or functions of management that constitute the entire work of management. All these four processes are essential parts of management
Planning involves setting objectives and deciding on actions to be taken to achieve these objectives. The process of organizing involves designing and development of structure of relationships between members of the team or group assigned to carryout the planned task. It also includes the job of filling and keeping filled positions in the organization. Leading refers to the process of motivating, directing and guiding the people in the organization for carrying out the their work as per plans and objectives. Finally the controlling function involves monitoring what is the work actually being done and the results being achieved, comparing this with what was planned, ad taking corrective action.
It is not possible to manage any work or activity effectively without the use of all the four of POLC processes. No manager can ensure the continued success the work managed, without employing all the four POLC processes. Therefore all the four processes are equally important.