In The Kite Runner, why does Amir feel guilty, how does this guilt affect him, and how does he try to atone for his sins?

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Amir feels guilty because he witnesses Hassan being raped by Assef in a back alley following the kite-fighting tournament. Instead of being a good friend and intervening to stop Assef, Amir silently watched from behind a broken cement wall as Assef rapes Hassan. Amir is overwhelmed by guilt following the incident and cannot be around Hassan. Amir stops playing with Hassan, and their relationship suffers. Amir then sets up Hassan by placing his gifts in Hassan's bed in the hopes that Baba will kick Hassan out of their home when he discovers that Hassan stole Amir's gifts. However, Baba forgives Hassan; but Ali takes his son and leaves Baba's estate because he knows the truth about everything.

Baba and Amir then flee Kabul and immigrate to America, which gives Amir a second chance at life. As an adult, Amir's repressed feelings of guilt continue to haunt him, and he begins losing sleep. After receiving a call from Rahim Khan, Amir travels to Pakistan and learns that Hassan was his half-brother and has a son named Sohrab. Amir finds redemption and atones for his past sins by traveling to Taliban-occupied Kabul to rescue Sohrab. Amir ends up fighting Assef in order to save Sohrab and atones for his past sins by saving and...

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