Can someone please help me with the following American Government questions? 1. Most traditional criminal offenses (murder, theft, arson) are defined and tried at: - the a. state level b....

Can someone please help me with the following American Government questions?

1. Most traditional criminal offenses (murder, theft, arson) are defined and tried at: - the a. state level b. federal level c. appellate level or d. federal and state levels equally

2. Supreme Court review is granted to a case - a. at the discretion of the chief justice b. only by a unanimous vote of all justices c. at the request of any one justice or d. by the permission of any four justices.

3. The chief justice of the Supreme Court can exercise influence over the Court in all of the following ways EXCEPT by - a. controlling who writes the Court's opinion when he or she has voted with the majority b. strategic use of his or her vote c. formulating the discussion list and managing the development of the Court's docket or d. exercising a veto in all cases involving judicial review

4. The custom of senatorial courtesy - a. encourages polite behavior on the floor of the Senate b. gives senators the power to appoint state court judges c. requires the House of Representatives to vote for all Senate approved judicial nominees or d. gives a senator of the president's party a role in the selection of the district court judges that will serve in that senator's state.

5. In reaching their decisions, state supreme courts can rely on the - a. U.S. Constitution and the constitution of their state b. state constitution only c. legal guidance given by their state legislature or d. U.S. Constitution only

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Question 1:  The best answer here is A.  Most crimes are state crimes.  A murder, for example, is not a federal crime unless it meets various criteria.  If you kill someone in a national park it is a federal crime.  If you kill a federal government official, it is a federal crime. There are other criteria that can make a murder a federal crime, but the vast majority of crimes are tried at the state level because they do not meet any of these criteria.

Question 2: The answer to this is D.  This question refers to the “rule of four.”  The Supreme Court gets to choose which cases it hears and its traditional rule is to hear a case if four justices vote to do so.

Question 3: The answer to this is D.  The Chief Justice does not have veto power.  He (or someday she) cannot simply say that the Court will not hear a case, nor can the Chief Justice overrule a decision made by the other justices.  Options A, B, and C are part of the Chief Justice’s powers, but a veto is not.

Question 4: The answer to this one is D as well.  Options B and C are clearly not true as they would both violate the Constitution.  Option A has nothing to do with judicial appointments.  Option D is the correct answer.  There is no law saying that presidents have to respect the tradition of senatorial courtesy, but they typically do.  They notify senators from their own party and ask their approval for judicial appointments when that judge would be on a court in the senator’s state.

Question 5: The best answer to this question is A.  You can see evidence of this in this link, where it says

For most of the life of the U.S. Constitution, there has been no doubt that both the courts at the federal level and those at the state level each have power to interpret what that Constitution means.

This shows that state courts can rely on the US Constitution when making their decisions.  They can, of course, rely on the constitutions of their own state as well.