I'm not sure how to answer these American Government questions on equality and rights. 1. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 - a. resulted in doubled voter registration among black Americans in the...

I'm not sure how to answer these American Government questions on equality and rights.

1. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 - a. resulted in doubled voter registration among black Americans in the South in only five years b. gave eighteen-to twenty-year-olds the right to vote c. was declared unconstitutional in Katzenbach v. McClung or d. served to discourage and depress black voter turnout

2. As a group, Hispanic Americans - a. have higher voter turnout than do other groups b. are targeted more often than are other groups with political messages they can understand c. have higher levels of voter registration than do other groups or d. have lower voter turnout than do other groups

3. The disabled rights movement stems from - a. disabled World War I veterans returning home to a country inhospitable to their needs b. disabled World War II veterans returning home to a country inhospitable to their needs c. disabled Vietnam War veterans returning home to a country inhospitable to their needs or d. the disabled rights movement of the 1960s

4. The Equal Rights Amendment - a. was passed by both houses and signed into law b. was passed by the House but failed in the Senate c. was passed by both houses but fell three states short of ratification or d. was passed and ratified but was overturned by the Supreme Court

5. In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978), the first decision in which the Supreme Court ruled on affirmative action quota programs - a. the majority of the Supreme Court held affirmative action programs to be unconstitutional   b. the Court ruled against the use of racial quotas in cases such as law school admissions but held in favor of using race as one of several factors to be considered in making these decisions   c. the Court upheld as constitutional strict quota systems in hiring and school admissions or  d. the Court ruled the case moot.

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beateach | Elementary School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

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  1. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 - a. resulted in doubled voter registration among black Americans in the South in only five years.

    It took ninety-five years for the fifteenth amendment to the United States Constitution to be signed into law. The amendment was ratified in 1870 but was not enforced until the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Prior to this, African Americans, mainly in the Southern states, faced many difficulties in casting their votes. They were forced to pay poll taxes, and to take literacy tests. Because of the Voting Rights Act, in 1965 alone, 250,000 new African Americans registered to vote and this trend followed into 1966. 

  2. As a group, Hispanic Americans- d. have lower voter turnout than do other groups.

    Although Hispanics and Latinos are the fastest growing minority group in the United States the percentage of them who vote is very low. Their numbers are growing slowly. In the 2010 federal elections, only seven percent of all voters were Hispanic. That percentage grew in 2012 to 8.4 percent. Approximately half of all Hispanics, who are eligible, register to vote.

  3. The disabled rights movement stems from - a. disabled World War I veterans returning home to a country inhospitable to their needs.

    The Smith-Fess Vocational Rehabilitation Act was established in response to disabilities that veterans returning from World War I endured. The act was amended many times including after World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The efforts of the disabled rights movement aimed at changing the perception of those with disabilities, and establishing ways to provide for appropriate care and living conditions.

  4. The Equal Rights Amendment c. was passed by both houses but fell three states short of ratification  

    Alice Paul, the founder of the National Woman’s Party, wrote the Equal Rights Amendment in 1923. Women gained the right to vote in 1920 and ERA was the next step. The amendment focused on providing Constitutional rights for all persons regardless of their sex.

    Every Congress between the years 1923 and 1972 deliberated on the Equal Rights Amendment. After it passed Congress in 1972, it was sent to the states for ratification. Ten years later, after a ratification extension, it was ratified in 35 states which is three states short of what is needed to make Constitutional change. 

  5. In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978), the first decision in which the Supreme Court ruled on affirmative action quota programs b. the Court ruled against the use of racial quotas in cases such as law school admissions but held in favor of using race as one of several factors to be considered in making these decisions.
     
    In a decision that was not unanimous, the Supreme Court stated that affirmative action programs are constitutional but that quota systems such as the one UC Davis implemented are unconstitutional. The use of a different admissions process to provide for diversity could not be implemented. Programs that were aimed at increasing campus diversity were allowed as long as they did not use a quota system.

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