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The american desire for a trade relashonship with Japan in 1853 led to A.The overthrow of the shogun and the modernization of the country B.Increased tensions between china and Korea C.greater Russian influence in Manchuria D.The Colonization of Taiwan E.American political and economic dominance in Japan

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Of these answers, the only one that makes any sense is A -- that the US desire for trade led to the overthrow of the shogunate and the modernization of the country.

I do not know if this matters to you, but this effect did not happen immediately.  The shogunate was not overthrown and the country was not particularly modernized until the Meiji Restoration.  The Meiji Emperor gradually modernized the country after he took power.

The shogunate ended in 1867, so it was not like the Americans landed in Edo Bay and the Japanese immediately overthrew the shogun.

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moustacio | Student

The answer is A. The American desire for trade drove the US government to send a small but powerful navy force under Commodore Matthew Perry to Japan in 1853. The display of sheer power put up by Perry's squadron made it clear to the shogun that the Western powers were militarily superior and that Japan was defenceless in the face of their military might. They were thus compiled to sign the unequal Treaty of Kanagawa with the Americans in 1854, whereby two ports were opened up to allow some form of regulated trade to take place. The fact that the Tokugawa shogunate was powerless against the Americans, perceived as barbarians, pushed many Japanese to believe that their government had failed them and that the shogunate must be overthrow for Japan to regain its honour. The forces of the movement gathered much momentum and defeated the shogun's forces in 1867 - the last Tokugawa shogun was thus forced to hand power back to the Meiji emperor. This ushered in the Meiji era, where Western technology and ideas were adopted by the Japanese to modernise their nation.