The Communist Manifesto

by Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx
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In America, communism has been considered a frightening concept. Do you understand why Americans reject communism or why it goes again America principles?

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I agree with the basic idea of answer 1 and disagree with the basic idea of answer 2.  The reason I say this is that I do not agree that Americans feared communism because the politicians made us do it.  I do not believe that anti-communism was a way of stifling dissent within the US either.

I think that Americans have feared communism because it (as practiced) takes away people's freedom.

As the first answer says, communism certainly takes away people's freedom to get ahead economically.  Communism as practiced has also stifled human rights in a way that is far beyond anything that has been done in the US (outside of slavery).  People do not get executed for dissent in democracies.  Democracies do not ban or try to control religion either.

America is based on the idea of freedom even if we do not live up to that ideal all the time.  Communism takes away many freedoms (at least as it has been practiced in the real world).  This is why Americans have feared it.

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I would say that part of the frightening concept behind Communism and its relationship to America is that it has been used by politicians in the position of power to bolster their own position.  The fear of Communism has been used to solidify political power in that people were less likely to question it, trusting their leaders more, allowing greater exercise of power to result.  If we examine the history of American and Soviet relationships, there was never a real opportunity present where the leadership of both countries featured an open and clear understanding of one another.  It was shrouded in the fear of "the other" and how this fear would impact the lives of the "the other" nation.  It seemed that this was engineered to ensure that there would not be any dissent in either nation.  There are some fundamental differences between both economic systems.  Over time and with the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the economic crises of capitalism, we have begun to understand that both forms of economy have significant challenges.  Perhaps, capitalism has less to which there can be such hostile aversion, but there are elements in both systems that can prove to be undesirable.

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