I am writing an essay on Macbeth, and I am done with my 3 body paragraphs. I'm looking for ideas for a concluding paragraph which includes cultural, social and political influences.

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Since I do not know the exact focus of your essay, it is difficult to say just how you should conclude it. However, here are some important cultural, political, and social influences to keep in mind.

Macbeth was written in 1606, just three years after a dynasty change in...

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Since I do not know the exact focus of your essay, it is difficult to say just how you should conclude it. However, here are some important cultural, political, and social influences to keep in mind.

Macbeth was written in 1606, just three years after a dynasty change in England. These were uncertain times, as the long reign of the Tutors had just come to an end and King James had taken the throne, beginning the rule of the Stuarts. There had been quite a bit of controversy over this, as King James was Scottish and rumored to be a Catholic. There were fears that a civil war was possible, as there were a number of other contenders to the throne.

In fact, the famous Gunpowder Plot had been thwarted just the previous year. This was just one of several Catholic-led conspiracies against the crown that occurred when it became clear that King James would not be the Catholic champion that some had hoped for and others had feared. The conspirators had been brutally tortured and executed. It is likely that Shakespeare wrote Macbeth as a further warning of what becomes of those who would kill a king.

Shakespeare was a big supporter of King James and the new dynasty. It is almost certain that he had his play performed for the new king himself. In fact, he had recently renamed his acting troop "The King's Men" in a possible attempt to flatter the new monarch. Even more flattering was the witches's prophecy that the descendants of Banquo would rule England and Scotland for many generations. As the Stuarts claimed descent from Banquo, this is obvious support of the new regime.

One final note: you should make reference to these facts and explain them in the main body paragraphs of your essay before you mention them in the conclusion. Otherwise, your essay will lack fluidity.

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Without knowing the content of your essay, it is impossible to know how to direct you specifically in your concluding paragraph. However, there are some general directions and suggestions that can be made.

First of all, a conclusion is a summary of the points that you have made in your essay; it includes a reworded thesis statement that, then reminds the reader of the "argument" of your essay.  After this reworded thesis statement, the conclusion ends with a clincher, or sentence that gives the reader a sense of finality; it is a sentence, too, that finishes by referring to the motivator of the introduction--a sentence relative to the thesis which grabs the reader's interest.  Often this sentence begins with words such as clearly, certainly, or indeed.

If for example, in the motivator you have pulled the quotation from Macbeth about "vaulting ambition," you can write a clincher that reiterates this idea. For example,

Indeed, the power of "vaulting ambition" often subjects one to the influences of cultural, social, and political forces.

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