L'Estrange can be translated as "The Stranger," "The Outsider," or "The Alien (or Foreigner)" all of whom are individuals who oppose tradition.
Meursault opposes tradition in the following ways:
- He refuses to cry at his mother's funeral (instead, he smokes and falls asleep)
- He does not show outward signs of grief or mourning after his mother's death (instead, he goes to the beach and has sex with Marie)
- He refuses to jump at the job promotion that his boss lays in his lap (he hates work)
- He shows no guilt over shooting the Arab
- He does not make attempt to seek an engagement to Marie (even though she makes overt attempts for him to)
- He does not believe in God or go to church or observe the Sabbath
- He does not confess to the Chaplain before his death
- He wants an angry mob at his public execution
So, Meursault hates traditional cultures: the culture of death, the culture of the church, the culture of the workplace, the culture of the judicial system. He defies all their traditions, beliefs, and mores in attempts to assert his perfervid individualism and stress the absurd nature of the universe.