In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, I need to know some internal conflicts and external conflicts.

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The primary internal conflict is Huck’s development from child to adult. The novel is often considered a Bildungsroman, or coming-of-age story. Through his various exploits, Huck learns valuable lessons about who he wants to be as an individual. As the other educator response indicates, much of this has to do...

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The primary internal conflict is Huck’s development from child to adult. The novel is often considered a Bildungsroman, or coming-of-age story. Through his various exploits, Huck learns valuable lessons about who he wants to be as an individual. As the other educator response indicates, much of this has to do with Huck’s moral instincts versus societal mores. For instance, when the King sells Jim, Huck tries to pray for forgiveness for “stealing” the Widow Douglas’ property in the first place. Huck does this because he has been taught that Jim belongs to someone. Despite this, Huck has learned over the course of the text that Jim is a caring human being, and Huck decides he cannot pray for forgiveness since he doesn’t actually feel sorry for running off with Jim. This indicates Huck’s maturity.

The primary external conflict, of course, would be Huck and Jim’s journey on the Mississippi and all of the mishaps that occur. These include going aboard the wrecked ship, missing the route to Cairo, and the King selling Jim. Besides these obvious hiccups along the journey, Huck faces opposition from society. One of the main reasons he runs away is because he feels controlled and stifled. The Widow Douglas wants to civilize him, but Huck resists this because he doesn’t actually want to be a part of a society that he understands is deeply flawed.

Even at the end of the novel, Huck can’t bear the thought that Aunt Sally wants to adopt and “sivilize” him. He intends to “light out for the Territory” in order to escape. This shows that Huck’s internal and external conflicts intersect: because of his deeper understanding of the world, Huck no longer wants to be a part of a society that wishes to mold him in its image.

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One of the central conflicts of this novel relates to Huck Finn's conscience.

Huck's main struggle in the book is with his conscience, the set of morals with which he has been raised.

This is an internal conflict (we might see his repeated crises of conscience as a single conflict or as a series of conflicts). The outward conflicts in the novel almost all become fused with this internal conflict, in one way or another. 

Huck's internal conflict can be expressed as a struggle to navigate two types of morality - a natural moral instinct and a learned moral code. Huck's moral instinct is repeatedly at odds with his moral instruction. He finds that many situations offer him no good outcome. His conscience will haunt him no matter what he does. 

Huck has a difficult time understanding that the social norms he has received as dictates are no more of a guide to right behavior than his own natural instincts regarding morality.  

We see this internal conflict of conscience matched by an external conflict when Huck has to decide whether or not he will help Jim run away and then later escape captivity. 

On their trip, Huck confronts the ethics he has learned from society that tell him Jim is only property and not a human being. By this moral code, his act of helping Jim to escape is a sin.

Jim's captivity is an external conflict, or becomes one when Huck decides to help Jim escape.

Other external conflicts stem from Huck's affiliation with the King and the Duke. With these two, Huck has to decide how loyal he should be to these two swindlers. He cannot bring himself to betray them until they have already betrayed him. 

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