I am preparing for Lecturers Entrance Examination in India. I want examples of figures of speech in Wordsworth's "Ode on Intimations of Immortality".
There are several figures of speech used in "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" by William Wordsworth.
First, Wordsworth uses enumeration as a form of amplification. An example of this would be "meadow, grove, and stream." This gives an effect of intensification.
Next, he tends to personify nature. When he states "The moon doth with delight," he is treating the moon as though it were human and could feel emotion. Another example of personification is describing the birds' song as "joyous." The third and fourth stanzas also personify the earth and its denizens, attributing happiness to them.
A metaphor is an implicit comparison that does not use explicit comparative terms such as "like" or "as." An example of this is: "The sunshine is a glorious birth"; this compares the rising of the sun to the birth of a living creature, using the copula to link together the concepts rather than an explicit term of comparison.
A simile, on the other hand, is an explicit comparison. An example of this would be "young lambs bound/ As to the tabor's sound." The use of "as" makes this comparison a simile, stating that the gamboling of the lambs is similar to humans dancing to music. It also personifies the lambs.
Wordsworth also uses the figure of apostrophe or direct address in the phrase "O ye Fountains, Meadows, Hills, and Groves," in which the narrator appears to be speaking to the landscape.
For other poems, please create separate questions.