I am out eating at a restaurant with my friends. They have all ordered and now it is my turn to order. Using the research on what predicts conformity, what would be three questions you would like to ask me about the situation to determine how likely it is that I will conform to what my friends ordered? Specifically, write the three (3) questions, and briefly explain why you selected those questions using research and/or information from the text.
There are a number of questions that could be asked to determine whether you are likely to conform to your friends’ choices when it comes your turn to order. Let us look at a few of these. Please note that we do not have access to your textbook and therefore cannot base our responses on that.
- How many people are there in your group? Research indicates that people are more likely to conform to others when they are in a larger group. However, this effect seems to reach a maximum when there are roughly five people in the group. So, if your group is 4 or 5 people, you are more likely to conform than you would be if you are in a group of 2 or 3.
- How unanimous were the other group members in what they ordered? The more unanimous a group is, the more pressure you are likely to feel to conform to their actions. In other words, if all of your friends are ordering the same thing, you are more likely to conform than you would be if only a few of your friends ordered in a given way.
- Is your group tightly knit? Research shows that a person feels more pressure to comply when their group is cohesive. If this is a group that is particularly close to one another, you will feel more pressure to order the same things that they do.
- How old are you? In general, younger people are more likely to conform to others than older people. Older people apparently feel more confident in their own thinking and are less likely to feel that they have to behave like everyone else in the group.
Three questions you could ask that would determine how likely you are to conform to their order are
- How many people are in your group? The smaller your group is the more likely you are to order what they do.
- How close are you all as friends? If you are close with your friends, you may feel like you need to get the same food to fit in.
- What type of conformity may you be pressured by? There are 6 types of conformity: normative conformity (wanting to fit in), informational conformity (lacks knowledge and looks for guidance), compliance (conforming to the public but privately disagreeing), internalization (publicly and privately agreeing with a group), ingratiational conformity (conforming to fit in and get a social reward), and identification (conforming to fit a social role). Depending on the situation you may find yourself conforming in a different way or not feel pressured at all.