Modern poetry requires discussion of Thomas Stearns Eliot. Eliot had a profound impact on the development of Modernism, occurring from the late nineteenth century to early twentieth century.
Modernism, by definition, rejected sentimentality, subjectivity and idealism, which was representative of the Romantic poets, so it was a reaction against Romantic poetry.
Eliot experimented with form and style. Prufrock and Other Observations (1917), his first publication, was Modernist in form and style. Ezra Pound, another Modern poet had a deep influence on Eliot’s poetic career.
The publication of his landmark literary work The Waste Land in the year 1922, is said to be the first fully Modernist poem of the twentieth century (1900s). The Waste Land was a reflection of cultural sterility and barrenness in the modern world. In it, Eliot used myths and symbols to create parallels between the past and the present.