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A summary briefly restates the facts of the story, including character details and description (both physical and psychological), progression of events, and outcome. In the summary, it is important to include some rising action along with the climax, some falling action and the resolution. None of this needs to be lengthy; you can be very brief if need be. Here's an example:
- August faces the fact alone that on the inside he is as normal as any other 10-year-old when he enters school for the first as a fifth grader. With a legion of surgeries and illnesses behind him, he now faces a daily environment where he is strange, different, maybe hideous, and always ostracized.
In this introductory statement, I've given a psychological descriptions of August, stated the psychological and social problems he faces and introduced the theme of being different.
From this point, the rest of my summary would continue to highlight the physical and social elements that August is challenged with and overcomes or is overcome by.
For instance, at the beginning of the story we're told that August thinks his overprotective and verbally defensive older sister Via sees him the same way as other people--those who stare at and avoid him--see him: different, not like any other 10-year-old. We're told that since his parents think he is "extraordinary," they too fail to see him as any ordinary kid. They too see him as different.
His problem with the world is that he is the only one who sees himself as the same as every other boy his age. By focusing on events that emphasize his difference (or his sameness from his perspective) your summary of events can illuminate the theme of being different.
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