Although it prevailed in all of the British colonies, why was slavery concentrated in the colonies located in the South and not in the North?

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Slavery was common in the early United States due to the labor that was necessary to grow staple crops. Tobacco, sugar, rice, and cotton were grown in the South because the climate allowed for it. In the North, however, climate and geography made it less possible to grow these crops;...

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Slavery was common in the early United States due to the labor that was necessary to grow staple crops. Tobacco, sugar, rice, and cotton were grown in the South because the climate allowed for it. In the North, however, climate and geography made it less possible to grow these crops; instead, the region was mostly known for shipbuilding.

In 1794, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, which allowed farmers to separate cotton seeds from cotton fiber much faster than it was possible to do by hand. You might think that this would have made the lives of slaves easier, because they were no longer separating the seeds by hand, but instead, it made their lives harder. They still had to pick the cotton, and because the cotton gin made the de-seeding process faster, there was a higher demand for cotton, meaning that slaves actually had more work than they did before.

Also, tobacco and cotton crops had to be rotated every few years because their growth takes specific nutrients out of the soil, which is called soil depletion. After the soil loses the nutrients that particular crop needs, it has to be planted somewhere else, which was another task slaves were forced to do. Plantation owners needed slaves to do the work so they could produce crops on their farms.

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