There is evidence of at least two possible allusions in the second part of Kate Chopin's novel, The Awakening.
In Chapter 28 – “…comprehend the significance of life, that monster made up of beauty and brutality” – This might be an allusion to Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley and printed anonymously in 1818. This may have been an image familiar to Chopin when she was writing this story in 1898 (especially in that the author of the famous novel was also a woman). Victor Frankenstein experienced the “significance of life” when he finally brought life to the creature. Creation was the “beauty,” but the reality of what he had done (acting like God to create life), as well as the monster’s violent murders, would refer to the “brutality” which accompanied Victor’s “accomplishment.”
In Chapter 39 – “Venus rising from the foam could have presented no more entrancing a spectacle than Mrs. Pontellier, blazing with beauty and diamonds at the head of the board…”
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