The book Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin Era before World War 2. What is the purpose of it? And what are some of its fables?
Orwell's personal experience played a great role in his political writings. After being a colonial police officer in Burma, Orwell returned to England and came in contact with poor, unemployed coal miners. This experience swayed Orwell towards socialism. However, as a Socialist in the 1930s, Orwell became disturbed by the spread of dictatorships and wrote Animal Farm in his disillusionment with Communism. Just as the animals are hungier after Napoleon gains control, the Russians suffered from famine as a result of the Communist state controlling farming. Ironically, it was the private farms, not the large state collective farms, that fed Russia.
Like many other writers of great acumen, George Orwell wrote to warn people of the dangers of becoming complacent and in believing propaganda.
The purpose of the book is to show us why people end up living under tyranny. It shows us how some (like Mollie) care only about themselves while others (like Boxer) are too dedicated to others to see that they're being oppressed. Finally, it shows how the rulers (the pigs) use propaganda and other techniques to make us give in to what they want. Orwell thought that things were moving towards totalitarianism and he was warning against allowing that to happen.