How does Structure affect the Aim and Scope of Literature?How can we explain this point of Scope of Literature.? " Structure and contents is another scope of literature that opens up new...

How does Structure affect the Aim and Scope of Literature?

How can we explain this point of Scope of Literature.?

" Structure and contents is another scope of literature that opens up new directions for human thoughts. "

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e-martin | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Let's take some modernist works for our examples in this discussion. If we look at Faulkner's master works and those of Virginia Woolf, we can see how structure relates directly to theme while opening up new perspectives on a number of ideas.

What does a book look like? What is a novel? What is a story? Each of these questions become central when discussing To the Lighthouse and As I Lay Dying. Certain expectations are created (and refuted) through the novelist's choice of structure. Regarding To the Lighthouse:

Written from multiple perspectives and shifting between times and characters with poetic grace, the novel is not concerned with plot.

Though creative uses of plot structure exist in the great Russian novels of the 1800s, we see a rather significant departure from previous modes in the modernist use of non-linear narrative structure.

These modern ideas are not merely playful challenges to our former ways of thinking. These ideas are powerful considerations of a form of literature, the novel, and they have intellectual ramifications. 

The themes of these works are concerned in large part with subjectivity, with the idea that consciousness is fractured (or capable of being fractured), and with ideas of the variablity of truth. Additionally, these works look at the individual's relationship to time and history as participating in the process of making meaning out of life's events. 

Everyone of these thematic concerns is reflected in the structure of the novels in discussion here. To this end, we can say that structure expands the novelist's range of means of expression, allowing thematic and intellectual commentary to be made in a way that might be described as "extra-textual". 

The structure of As I Lay Dying undescores the notion of subjectivity explored in the novel. In a way, it is the structure which presents this notion most clearly. In The Sound and the Fury, the structure effectively organizes the novel's psychological commentary as the text moves from interior experience toward exterior experience, from semi-consciousness to historical consciousness. 

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At the very least, using structure creatively can allow us to see books differently and to, therefore, engage with narrative in new ways. 

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Structure refers to how a book is constructed.  For example, a book might be written as a novel, like Fahrenheit 451, or as a collection of loosely related short stories united by a common theme, like The Martian Chronicles, also written by Ray Bradbury.  Each allows the writer to accomplish something different.  A novel allows you to tell a more complete story and develop characters, but a series of short stories allows you to explore different topics and characters and how they are related. 

In each case, you can have a moving and compelling book.  You can even tell similar stories.  Yet each structure has a different purpose and different benefits and drawbacks.

Let’s take The Martian Chronicles as an example.  Why did Bradbury write it as a collection of short stories, rather than a novel?  Bradbury is uniquely a master of both forms, influenced by Steinbeck and Hemmingway.  He chose the short story format because it helped him elucidate his theme.

[An] important, self-reflective theme, universalized in The Martian Chronicles, involves the need to accept and cherish diversity. (enotes, see first link)

Bradbury explored this theme in most of his works, and he was particularly interested in how technology affects us.  One story in the collection, “There Will Come Soft Rains,” reveals how a fully-automated house continues in its daily activities long after the family has been incinerated by a nuclear blast.  Bradbury didn’t need a whole novel to tell that story. It briefly and powerfully shares a message about the impact of technology on our lives, and it is both reinforced by and reinforces the other stories in the collection to share this message.

 

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shonaosam | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

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In reply to #3: Thanks...
shonaosam's profile pic

shonaosam | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted on

Structure refers to how a book is constructed.  For example, a book might be written as a novel, like Fahrenheit 451, or as a collection of loosely related short stories united by a common theme, like The Martian Chronicles, also written by Ray Bradbury.  Each allows the writer to accomplish something different.  A novel allows you to tell a more complete story and develop characters, but a series of short stories allows you to explore different topics and characters and how they are related. 

In each case, you can have a moving and compelling book.  You can even tell similar stories.  Yet each structure has a different purpose and different benefits and drawbacks.

Let’s take The Martian Chronicles as an example.  Why did Bradbury write it as a collection of short stories, rather than a novel?  Bradbury is uniquely a master of both forms, influenced by Steinbeck and Hemmingway.  He chose the short story format because it helped him elucidate his theme.

[An] important, self-reflective theme, universalized in The Martian Chronicles, involves the need to accept and cherish diversity. (enotes, see first link)

Bradbury explored this theme in most of his works, and he was particularly interested in how technology affects us.  One story in the collection, “There Will Come Soft Rains,” reveals how a fully-automated house continues in its daily activities long after the family has been incinerated by a nuclear blast.  Bradbury didn’t need a whole novel to tell that story. It briefly and powerfully shares a message about the impact of technology on our lives, and it is both reinforced by and reinforces the other stories in the collection to share this message.

 

Thanks Dear,

I will check this I hope its will give me help.

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