World War I

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After World War I, why did democracy survive in some countries and not in others?

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The aftermath of World War I involved momentous political, cultural, economic, and social change across the world. Political transformation occurred in most of the principal parties involved in the conflict; Germany, Great Britain, and Turkey all became electoral democracies between 1919 and 1923.

However, that is not to say that each of these democratic systems survived. After Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, adopting democracy through a constitution and free elections, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party gained control only fourteen years later. The Treaty of Versailles was based on assigning blame for the war to Germany, which was never accepted by German nationalists. The transition from Germany's brief democratic system to that of totalitarian Nazism is associated with support of nationalism over globalization; the Nazis' use of violence to influence the public, even while elections continued; and public dissatisfaction over economic circumstances associated with war...

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