After the Civil War, the Southern states tried to pursue the goal of restoration. Meanwhile, the national government tried to force them towards reconstruction.
During the time that Reconstruction was going on (up to 1877), the states were following reconstruction to a greater or lesser degree. The governments that were kept in power by the Army were interested in reconstruction while everyone else (more or less) was trying to prevent it.
Once Reconstruction ended, the whole South turned towards restoration and tried to get back as close as possible to how things had been before the war.