After the Creature reads Paradise Lost, why does he think that he is like Adam in the book?

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As the creature explains to Victor, he read Paradise Lost as if it were real history, not a work of fiction. He identifies with Adam because they were both created from scratch, not born of a mother: "united by no link to any other being in existence." They are both the first of their kind.

Yet the creature also feels strongly the contrast between Adam and himself. Adam was a glorious creation, beloved by God, whereas the creature perceives himself as a horrible outcast, hated even by his creator. He asks Victor:

‘Accursed creator! Why did you form a monster so hideous that even you turned from me in disgust? God, in pity, made man beautiful and alluring, after his own image; but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid even from the very resemblance.

The creature also identifies strongly with Satan, cast out of paradise and despised by God. He even envies Satan. Satan had companions, but he, the monster, is all alone.

The creature's anguished words call into question Victor's whole project of trying to take on the prerogatives of God and create life out of inanimate matter. Victor has overreached and made a mess, and the creature is suffering for it.

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The Monster sees himself as an Adamic character because he is "apparently united by no link to any other being in existence" (Shelley 117).  Adam from Paradise Lost is also alone before Eve is created; thus, Adam and the Monster see no one around who looks remotely similar to them.  

However, if you read further in this chapter (15), the Monster bemoans the fact that his creator, unlike Adam's, did not make him perfect or superior.  Instead he is "wretched, helpless, and alone."  He states that he identifies more with Satan because when he looks at the happiness of his "protectors," envy fills his soul, just as Satan in Paradise Lost longs for recognition and power.

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