After leaving the party what does Romeo do?  

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When Romeo leaves the party, he abandons his friends, Benvolio and Mercutio, asking himself,

Can I go forward when my heart is here?Turn back, dull earth, and find thy center out. (2.1.1-2)

He cannot bring himself to leave the Capulets' home because he feels himself to be in...

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When Romeo leaves the party, he abandons his friends, Benvolio and Mercutio, asking himself,

Can I go forward when my heart is here?
Turn back, dull earth, and find thy center out. (2.1.1-2)

He cannot bring himself to leave the Capulets' home because he feels himself to be in love with Juliet. He knows that his friends will not understand or will mock him for his feelings. In the lines above, he compares himself to the earth, and he must return to Juliet, as she is like the sun. She is the "center" of his universe now, and he will develop this comparison of Juliet to the sun in the next scene, when he sees her at her balcony.

Meanwhile, his friends do make fun of him, thinking that he is depressed and still lusting after Rosaline, and so Romeo stays hidden in the trees until they depart. Once they do, he scales the wall into Juliet's garden. When she arrives, above, on her balcony, Romeo listens to her as she expresses her feelings for him. Having heard enough to convince him that they feel the same, he speaks to her and confesses his own love. They make their plans, and he makes his way to Friar Lawrence to plan the wedding ceremony.

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In Act II, Scene I, Romeo, Benvolio and Mercutio are making their way out of the party. Romeo is still reeling from the news that his love, Juliet is a Capulet. Despite this new knowledge, Romeo is still determined to find Juliet and speak with her again. All remaining feelings for Rosaline have disappeared and all Romeo wants to do is find his new love.

Abandoning his friends, Romeo scales a wall and falls in the orchard of the Capulets. Benvolio and Mercutio follow behind and Romeo hides until they leave. It is at this moment that Juliet appears in the window. This is perhaps the most well known scene in the play.

Juliet carries on a conversation with herself, not knowing that Romeo is just a few steps from her. He soon reveals himself to her and Juliet warns him that if he is found, he would be killed. This is of no matter to Romeo and he stays, professing his love to her until Nurse comes calling for Juliet.

Juliet leaves Romeo with a kiss and a promise that she will send someone to him the next day to see if he plans to make good on his intentions to marry her. Romeo leaves to find the Friar.

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