Segregation and the Civil Rights Movement

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What played the most important role in bringing about success of the Civil Rights Movement?

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There are at least two schools of thought here.

One school says that the African American demonstrators themselves were the most important factor.  Their moral courage in following a path of nonviolent civil disobedience in the face of sometimes brutal treatment won over the country.

A second school argues that all of that courage would have not amounted to anything if it were not for the efforts of President Lyndon Johnson.  They argue that he used his legislative skills to push Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 after President Kennedy had been failing to get any legislation through.


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