African-American writersHave African-American writers introduced new themes, issues, and modes of language into American literature?

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engtchr5 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Um, yes? I think the question you may be asking here is which African-American authors have contributed the aforementioned themes, issues and modes, so here's my abbreviated "top 5" list:

1. Alice Walker -- Her novel "The Color Purple" used both colloquy and other devices to best demonstrate the trials and triumphs of the African-American life.

2. Robert Hayden -- This relatively unpublicized poet of the Harlem Renaissance is best known for his work "Those Winter Sundays." The poem is comparable to Roethke's "My Papa's Waltz," as it deals with the relationship between father and son.

3. Langston Hughes -- He'll probably make everybody's list due to his significance, but no list of great authors would be complete without him. Whether we're talking about "The Weary Blues," "Harlem," or any one of his other pieces, Hughes sets the bar for fellow writers.

4. Maya Angelou -- Her books and poems made her the poet laureate, among other things. She also read at Clinton's inauguration, but turned down an invitation to do so at our current president's.

5. Toni Morrison -- "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings." Enough said, right there. This novel by itself would put Morrison on the list, but her other works simply supplement her reputation.

Hope this little guide helps out a bit.

charcunning eNotes educator| Certified Educator

African-American writers introduced new themes into American literature dating back to America's inception as colonies of England. Take, for example, Oluadah Equiano--he brought the issue of slavery and its atrocities to the forefront. Also consider Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen and Claude McKay--all poets of the Harlem Renaissance--all wrote about the oppression of African-Americans and their struggle for equality and civil rights. More contemporary authors, such as Maya Angelou and Toni Morrison, all deal with themes of overcoming poverty, hardship and discrimination.  As far as modes of language, many of these writers used colloquial language (everyday language) in their writing, which gives their work an authentic feel, sound and rhythm, allowing readers to experience life exactly as it is.


royavakili | Student

The most important role of the writer is manifold,  it is timeless and universal -- she must have the courage to bring great truths to light, especially the unpleasant ones,she must hold a mirror up to our souls, and she must show us the way towards greater enlightenment and a more perfect society.because she feels responsible toward the society, and feels the need to let the rest of the world knows about her community and the difficulties. she rewrites the history in a personal way that's more tangible.

 The african american writes introduced new themes to literature that root in their experience,and in their history. they write about slavery and racial discrimination and its continuing effect . about the gender discrimination and the double jeopardy that african-american women face both as a black and as a woman.

the black English they used in written form give the africana sprit to their work and convey the reality of african american life.