- Discuss the process of decolonization in Africa and the Middle East. What were/are the challenges Africans and Middle Easterners face in the post-independent period? How have African and Middle Eastern leaders approached these challenges and what solutions they have proposed and instituted?
Another major obstacle faced in decolonization and modernization of the African nations left by colonialism was building up the infrastructure to support a more modern society. Communication and transportation was a huge obstacle. The new leaders of the self-governments needed a way to communicate with the different regions of the country, but struggled to do so because they simply could not get their message out.
The major challenges that these countries faced in the post-independence period were challenges left by colonialism. The countries had economies that were geared to helping the colonizers. They also had very little experience in self-government and few people who were educated. These hurt their economies and political systems.
I contend that decolonialization in most countries was merely a transformation of colonialism. While the same system was not going to hold form, the control of resources by other means is still very much in place, and that is the bottom line.