Technically, Aeneas himself is responsible for Dido's suicide, as his abrupt departure from Carthage in Book IV drives the queen to despair. However, as the previous educator has noted, the true responsibility lies with the gods rather than Aeneas.
When the Trojans arrive in Carthage, Dido welcomes the refugees warmly and invites them to live in her city as long as they wish. Aeneas's mother, the goddess Venus, worries that her fellow goddess Juno will try to turn Dido's mood against the Trojans, and so she arranges for Dido to fall madly in love with Aeneas to ensure his safety. Speaking to her son, Cupid, Venus says:
I fear the outcome of Juno’s welcome here . . .
She won’t sit tight while Fate is turning on its hinge.
So I plan to forestall her with ruses of my own
and besiege the queen with flames [of love],
and no goddess will change her mood—she’s mine,
my ally-in-arms in my great love for Aeneas.
Dido is enchanted by Cupid and falls desperately in love with Aeneas. Juno, who...
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