Keep in mind, first of all, that the arguments for this essay will most likely be based on your own experiences, observations, and/or things you've read. Keeping this in mind, in order to tackle this essay, I suggest you do the following steps in order:
- Decide which side of the question you will ultimately choose. "Sitting on the fence" (or arguing both sides) usually makes for a generally weak essay.
- (If you cannot decide, brainstorm ideas for both sides and choose the one for which you have the most answers. Don't worry about what you actually believe. Go with what you have the most information for.)
- Change the prompt question to be an open-ended question in favor of your side. Example: Why are the actions of individuals more valuable than the actions of groups/teams?
- Brainstorm as many answers to the above question as possible. Be both broad and specific in your ideas. If you put down a general idea, for example, try to expand that idea into some specifics by coming up with examples. Definitely come up with specific examples to illustrate your ideas.
- Hone your brainstormed list into three categories. Your categories will either come from your ideas (as in, group examples under similar headings) or you can simply say, ...based on my experience, observations, and readings... and allow these to be your three categories for examples.
- Outline your paper using the larger idea categories as paragraph topic sentences. Put one or two well-detailed examples under each main point.
The outline will become the body of your essay and then all you have left is to add an introduction and conclusion.
If you are looking for ideas for the prompt (some discussion to help you get started) I highly encourage you to post the question in the discussion forum under the "Social Sciences" group.