What are examples of euphemism, hyperbole, assonance, and consonance in Hamlet's soliloquy of Act III, Scene 1 of Hamlet?
According to renowned Shakespeare scholar Harold Bloom, Hamlet was Sigmund Freud's mentor, and after reading or viewing Shakespeare's play, one can certainly understand such a statement. However, with an examination of the soliloquy of Act III, one might also consider Hamlet as the mentor of the Existentialist, Jean-Paul Sartre, as in this soliloquy Hamlet considers the absurdity of existence as well as non-existence. In this consideration by Hamlet, Shakespeare employs much figurative language.
Euphemism [The use of a more innocuous phrase rather than a blunt or harsh one]
(To die, to sleep—
No more—and by a sleep to say we end (ll.67-68)
Here Hamlet equates dying with sleeping, a softer term. Further in his soliloquy, Hamlet speaks of what lies after death as
The undiscover'd country (l.86)
Hyperbole [A deliberate exaggeration or overstatement]
Examples of hyperbole are
"outrageous fortune"(l.65) and a "sea of troubles" (l.66) and
the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to (ll. 69-70)
For in that sleep of death, what dreams may come (l.64)
No more; and by a sleep to say we end (l.68)