Act I of Macbeth, examples of paradox, similie, metaphor, Doctrine of Correspondence, literary allusion, and clothing imagry

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troutmiller eNotes educator| Certified Educator

An example of paradox is when the witches say, "Fair is foul, and foul is fair." Their statement says that what is seemingly good turns out to be bad.

And example of a simile is when the first witch says in sc. 3 that "Like a rat without a tail, I'll do, I'll do, and I'll do." She's comparing herself to a rat without a tail.

An example of a metaphor is when Banquo says in the same scene "If you can look into the seeds of time, and say which grain will grow and which will not." Grains and time are being compared--there are seconds and minutes in time, but not grains.

An example of Doctrine of Correspondence is when Lady Macbeth is addressing Macbeth and telling him how to act.  "To beguile the time, look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, your hand, your tongue: look like th' innocent flower, but be the serpent under 't."   She is using a tangible thing to explain something that is abstract.

An example of clothing imagery would be when Macbeth and Banquo approach the witches not knowing who or what they are.  "What are these so withered, and so wild in their attire, that look not like th' inhabitants o' th' earth, and yet are on't?"  This describes how they appear to the men.  Very crazy and unkempt.

I haven't found an allusion to use.  But the others are all examples for you.

lukenanorn | Student

there is a lot of literary allusions in Macbeth. literary allusions are brief reference to a person, event, place, or phrase. The writer assumes will recognize the reference. For instance, most of us would know the difference between a mechanic's being as reliable as George Washington or as reliable as Benedict Arnold. Allusions that are commonplace for readers in one era may require footnotes for readers in a later time. , Scene i ... Graymalkin the grey cat, Paddock the toad, the first two believed witch helpers in the seventeenth - century. Golgotha,the place where Christ was crucified;Bellona, the goddess of war;St Colme's Inch, an island near Edinburgh, Scotland; the inserts of these names and places gives more vivid a picture of the ongoing scene, (the battle fought by Macbeth and Bonque rivaling that of Golgotha to be made into a memorable place.)