In Romeo and Juliet, what is the mood and irony of Act IV, ii and Act IV, i?Scene ii contrast dramatically with the preceding one.

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Karen P.L. Hardison eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In Act IV, Scene ii of Romeo and Juliet, Juliet has just given good news to her father and mother by telling them she repents of her unwillingness to marry Paris. She says she is directed by Friar Laurence to beg their pardon and will be "be ruled" by their wishes in her marriage.

Her father responds by beginning to order the wedding arrangements for the morning so Juliet can't change her mind: "I'll have this knot knit up to-morrow morning." Her mother responds by begging for a little more time to which Capulet responds, "...we'll to church to-morrow." Juliet responds to her own announcement, if I can put it that way, by asking Nurse to come along with her to help her pick out the proper things to wear for tomorrow.

It is a light-hearted mood in Scene ii, except for Juliet's repentance, which carries as serious and grave mood. The scene also provides dramatic irony in that the audience knows what Capulet and Lady Capulet do not know (dramatic irony is irony in which the audience or reader knows more than the character(s)).

Scene ii contrasts with the mood of Scene i because Scene i has a mood full of anguish, despair and desperation. In addition, Juliet duals verbally with Paris giving veiled insults in exchange for his praise and good wishes, resulting in verbal irony in which Juliet says things that have meanings of a deeper nature than what is literally understood.