In act 1 Scene 1, why is Bernardo the first to challenge Francisco rather than vice versa because he's the one that jumped Francisco? Also by taking in consideration to the setting, atmosphere,...

In act 1 Scene 1, why is Bernardo the first to challenge Francisco rather than vice versa because he's the one that jumped Francisco?

Also by taking in consideration to the setting, atmosphere, emotional state of the characters, and curiosity aroused by the mention of "this dreaded sight."

Expert Answers
gbeatty eNotes educator| Certified Educator
It seems most likely that Bernardo challenges Francisco first for simpler reasons, like chance: he saw Francisco first. Both men are in the castle's service, and both challenge the other in that scene.

(It could be that Bernardo is keyed up, because he knows he might see the ghost again, and that sharpens his reflexes.)