In act 1, scene 1, why is Bernardo the first to challenge Francisco, rather than vice versa, since he's the one who jumped Francisco? Consider the setting, the atmosphere, the emotional state of the...

In act 1, scene 1, why is Bernardo the first to challenge Francisco, rather than vice versa, since he's the one who jumped Francisco?

Consider the setting, the atmosphere, the emotional state of the characters, and the curiosity aroused by the mention of "this dreaded sight."

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D. Reynolds eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Bernardo is the first to challenge Francisco because Bernardo has seen the ghost, along with Marcellus, and Francisco has not. Bernardo is much more on edge and worried because he fears running into the ghost. Francisco even notes that Bernardo comes "carefully" on his hour: a word which means "on time" but also "cautiously."

We learn, when Bernardo questions him,...

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