The achievement of arete (courage) was very important for the Greek citizen, especially a warrior. Do Hector and Achilles achieve arete in the Iliad?
I believe Hector does, in fact, achieve arete. I have a more difficult time believing that Achilles does.
Hector was everything a Greek hero should be. He was loyal to his family and country, brave in the face of insurmountable odds, truly a self-sacrificing individual. He most...
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In my own reading of Arete, it means, not just courage, but translated as "virtue". It means some inborn talent or capacity a person has that they have developed into excellence. So Achilles has Arete, "a fighting fiery spirit."
This spirit is related to his equally fiery temper. Unfortunately his fiery temper the downside fo this Arete gets him into problems, and probably partially explains how he treats Hector dragging him through the mud dragged by his chariot. Check out website: http://faculty.gvsu.edu/websterm/Read_Iliad.htm
This is where I got this information from which has really expanded my idea of Arete.