According to the selection from Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, why did Anne’s family move to Holland in 1933?
Anne does not have much specifically to say about why her family moved to Holland, but the central—and crucial—reason she states is that they left because they were Jewish. She writes,
Because we're Jewish, my father immigrated to Holland in 1933, when he became the Managing Director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam. My mother, Edith Hollander Frank, went with him to Holland in September, while Margot and I were sent to Aachen to stay with our grandmother. Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed in February, when I was plunked down on the table as a birthday present for Margot.
Though it is bare-bones, we can pull much of interest from this passage. Hitler took power in late January of 1933, which means Anne's father was able to see the writing on the wall about the fate of the Jews under the Nazis very early. He did not wait to leave, finding a way out within a year. This would have been a great advantage to his family, as it became harder, more precarious, and more expensive for Jews to leave Germany as time went on, until, finally, they were unable to legally leave at all.
Mr. Frank was also able to get his family to Holland with him after a few delays. Mrs. Frank, for instance, arrived in Holland six months ahead of Anne, who was finally sent to be reunited with her family in February of 1934. Today, we would not be so likely to want to separate a child from her mother for so long a period, but that was a more common practice in those times.
The passage assumes a readership that understands that 1933 was a pivotal year in German politics and that the family left Germany under duress because of Hitler's anti-Semitic policies and rhetoric.
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