According to the agreement between Columbus and the King and Queen of Spain, why did Ferdinand and Isabella support Columbus’s voyage?

Reasons why the King and Queen of Spain supported Columbus's voyage include that they hoped to find a new route to the Spice Islands and that they sought trading advantages over the Portuguese.

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In addition to the answers included by the other Educators, I will mention that King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain hoped to find a route to the Spice Islands that did not directly compete with the Portuguese. For decades, the Portuguese had been sending out voyages of exploration south along the west coast of Africa. They hoped to find their own sea route to the Spice Islands and cut out the expensive overland route that they had relied on for centuries. In 1488, they appeared to be nearing their goal when Bartolomeu Dias became the first European to go around the southern tip of Africa and into the Indian Ocean. Indeed, only a few years later, Vasco de Gama would reach India.

In 1492, Spain, though newly reunified after centuries of Moorish rule, was still not ready to go head to head with its Portuguese neighbors. But the Spanish still hoped to find a way to bolster their economy with some sort of new wealth. That is why they liked Columbus's idea of sailing west across the...

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