In act 3, scene 1, Hamlet elaborates on whether it is better to live and suffer the "slings and arrows of outrageous fortune" or to die and relieve oneself of constant pain, strife, and heartache. In Hamlet's famous soliloquy, he contemplates suicide and weighs the positives and negatives of dying. Hamlet believes that life is full of pain, agony, and disappointment, which are valid arguments in favor of death. Hamlet is currently experiencing the painful elements of life after losing his father and watching his mother marry his unscrupulous uncle. Despite the numerous positives attached to committing suicide and avoiding life's troubles, Hamlet believes that the fear of what lies beyond existence prevents men from committing suicide. According to Hamlet, the afterlife "puzzles the will" and influences people to bear the "ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of." Essentially, fear of the unknown influences people to suffer the pains of life and endure the constant struggles of human existence. Overall, Hamlet concludes that death makes cowards of us all, which prevents us from committing suicide.