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Maslow's hierarchy of needs (1943) are applied to the health field because the needs established by Maslow are geared toward the formation of the "whole person", that is, the individual who is fit both mentally, physically, environmentally, and even within the realm of spirituality.
This being said, transmission-based precautions are specific protocols of care that practitioners must follow in order to avoid contamination of self or patient in the presence of highly transmissible contagion.
The TBPs are:
- contact precautions- avoiding to touch or come in direct approximation to a contagious patient
- droplet precautions- being careful not to be closer than 3 feet away of a patient that may spray disease by sneezing, wheezing or coughing.
- airborne- being wary of pathogens that remain alive for periods of time in the air such as chickenpox
In all these cases, the main need to look after is the need for safety. This, and the covering of basic necessities are the two that patients of TBPs are most desperate for. However, the next two needs, social and esteem, might be affected due to the fact that these patients can have little to no contact with their immediate environment. They have to be placed in specially ventilated rooms, the clinicians may have to wear masks, gloves, and other protective gear around them, and the chances of any form of touch are null. The TBP patient might feel freakish, abandoned, and alone. Moreover, the need for esteem might be lower than ever at this point. For this reason, the offset would be to keep the basic needs in check and the safety needs always present; through other alternatives such as meditation, prayer, or by dedicating objects for the strict use of the patient (a computer, a book, journal, etc), the patient may be closer to feeling normal again.
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