According to Jared Diamond, what are the 3 major elements that seperate the world's "haves" from the world's "have nots"?

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Diamond identifies a number of factors that are advantageous to developing complex societies. First, geography and climate play a large role in determining the direction in which a society will develop. Climate plays a determining factor in the development of agriculture, which Diamond sees as essential to the rise of...

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Diamond identifies a number of factors that are advantageous to developing complex societies. First, geography and climate play a large role in determining the direction in which a society will develop. Climate plays a determining factor in the development of agriculture, which Diamond sees as essential to the rise of all the other cultural and technological advances that separate the “haves” from the “have-nots.” Geography plays an important role in the dissemination of crops from one area to the next; continents with east-west orientations (like Eurasia) make it easier for crops to spread since climate tends to be similar at the same latitude. The rise of food production made higher population densities possible, which in turn led to the rise of towns and cities. Surplus food production meant that not everyone had to do agricultural labor; this, in turn, led to the rise of political, intellectual, and military classes and the invention of writing, government, and metalworking (including steel). Finally, the advent of domesticated livestock production exposed these societies to a range of diseases, thus granting them immunity. However, the same diseases became deadly to other societies who had not developed immunity.

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According to Jared Diamond's theory, after much research, he determined that there are several elements that separate societies into successful or unsuccessful are:

-Geography

-Immunity and exposure to germs

-Domestication of animals

-Food production

-The discovery and use of steel

Diamond places less emphasis on intelligence and more emphasis on how people choose to live.  When hunter/gatherer groups decided to settle down and grow their food instead of moving from place to place in search of animals to hunt, their society became more stable.

"What then inevitably follows is the development of specialized labor groups as well as the establishment of hierarchies in ruling parties. Populations thrive under these conditions, and in time empires rise. The stability provides farming societies with powerful advantages over nomadic hunter-gatherer groups,"   

"Other impediments to progress included large bodies of water or land barriers such as mountains and deserts."

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