According to the information from "Guns, Germs, and Steel," who is Atahualpa?

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ladyvols1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In chapter three, "Collision at Cajamarca," of "Guns, Germs, and Steel," Mr. Diamond relays the history of the conflict between the Incas and Spanish.  Atahuallpa was the supreme ruler of the Inca empire.  He and Francisco Pizzarro met for the first time in 1532.  Within minutes of meeting Atahuallpa Pizzarro had managed to capture Atahuallpa and completely demoralize the entire tribe of Incas. With the capture of Atahuallpa, the Inca empire collapsed.  The Spanish armies had more advance weapons and they had horses. Emperor Atahuallpa was considered, by the Incas, as a sun god and as long as they believed the Spanish was holding him as a prisoner they would not attack.  The Spanish took this time to organize their conquest of the Incas.  Atahuallpa was killed by Pizzarro and the Spanish prevailed even though they were significantly outnumbered.

"Atahuallpa was held captive by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, who demanded “history’s largest ransom” in gold. After Pizarro received everything he asked for, he killed Atahuallpa anyway. Even though Pizarro had the weaponry to destroy the Incas, through this act, Diamond recounts, Pizarro demoralized the Incas, causing their complete collapse."