According to Hawthorne, what are the first two places allotted for in any new community in "Scarlet Letter"?

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dymatsuoka | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

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According to Hawthorne, the first two places allotted for in any new community are a cemetery and a prison. 

In the context of the early days of colonial New England, Hawthorne says,

"The founders of a new colony, whatever Utopia of human virtue and happiness they might originally project, have invariably recognized it among their earliest practical necessities to allot a protion of the virgin soil as a cemetery, and another portion as the site of a prison".

The practical reality of having to account early on for death and crime in any plan for community establishment is a stark testimony to the inescapability of "human frailty and sorrow" (Chapter 1).

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