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You can find this answer in book 2, chapter 9. An excerpt of Goldstein's book is provided. Within that excert, chapter 3 in entitled "War is Peace". It establishes the reasoning for maintaining wartime as opposed to peace.
For each of the superpowers, they have come to the realization that war achieves several means. First and most important, it uses up the surplus of goods produced by the people. This helps maintain a controlled society because if some people began to use more goods than others or rationing was done away with, wealth would occur for some. This would certainly disrupt the order. Without a lower class, Big Brother and the other government hierarchies have no one who needs and depends on them therefore remaining subject to them.
The basis of war is acceptable to people. It is something they have lived with. To the governments, it gives the people a reason to fear, they fear something else, never their own government. It also helps them place their hate. People will hate. This is a way to control where that goes.
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