According to the father of Transcendentalism, people conform to society and its views instead of trusting themselves and their own ideas. In doing so, they give up their self-reliance and become reliant on others to "think" for them and to tell them what to do. Emerson stresses that whoever would be a "man"--a person who thinks and does for himself--must not conform to society. This is difficult because human nature dictates that we strive to fit in and contribute to the whole. Emerson takes a different tact; he writes that if a man will not imitate others and instead trust himself, then his independence and "inconsistency" will benefit the whole in the long-run. To prove his point, he lists examples of men who dared to think for themselves--Jesus, Socrates, Martin Luther, etc.--and therefore, better society.
2. FIGURATIVE language is language that expresses more than just its literal definition.
3. A PUN is a play on two or more meanings of a word.
4. A METAPHOR makes a comparison between two things without the words like or as.
5. A SIMILE makes a comparison between two things using the words like or as.
6. IRONY is saying one thing but meaning something else.
7. HYPERBOLE is an intentional exaggeration.
8. PERSONIFICATION is giving human qualities to something that's not human.
9. SATIRE uses witty language to insult or express dissatisfaction by exposing a person's errors.
10. A SYMBOL is one thing or idea that stands for another.
11. JUXTAPOSITION is placing two things or words that are opposite or dissimilar next to each other.
12. A PARADOX is a statement that seems to contract itself and yet make sense.
13. A STATEMENT OF EQUIVALENCE is saying that one thing is equal to another.
14. A PARENTHETICAL ASIDE is a statement that appears as an "aside" within a sentence.
What I know about Thoreau and his influence:
1. In real life, Thoreau lived in the cabin for two years. In Walden, he says he lived there for ONE YEAR .
2. It's necessary to PAY close ATTENTION to Thoreau's writings to get as much as possible out of them.
3. Thoreau spent a night in jail because he did not want to support a government that allowed SLAVERY .
4. The three people whom Thoreau influenced were MOHANDAS GANDHI , DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR , and RACHEL CARSON .
What I know about Henry David Thoreau's life and background:
1. This study is about HENRY DAVID THOREAUS and his masterpiece WALDEN .
2. Thoreau grew up in and lived most of his life in CONCORD , MASSACHUSETTS .
3. Thoreau took an early interest in NATURE as a child.
4. A PUN is a rhetorical device that introduces more than one meaning of a word or phrase.
5. Thoreau used his JOURNALS as the basis for his writings.
6. Thoreau became an educator, echoing the belief that one can BETLER oneself through education.
7. Thoreau was once a SURVEYOR and he presents SURVEYING as a symbol in Walden.
8. Like Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thoreau also worked on the LECTURE circuit.
9. Thoreau and EMERSON had a complicated relationship.
10. Emerson allowed THOREAU to build a cabin on his property near Walden Pond.
11. Thoreau may have fallen deeply in love with the wife of EMERSON .
12. Thoreau makes many references to TIME in his writing, especially morning and evening.
13. MORNING tends to symbolize hope and opportunity in Thoreau's writing.
14. EVENING tends to symbolize the closing of opportunity in Thoreau's writing.
15. Thoreau shared many ideas in common with his friend EMERSON . Many of these reflected the basic tenants of TRANSCENDENTALISM .
What I know about Thoreau's style and use of rhetorical devices:
1. An ALERT reader will constantly find new things in the writings of Thoreau. This is because of his use of FIGURATIVE language.