What do the philosophers Descartes and Locke think it means to be conscious?
Due to the fact that formatting only allows for brief answers, I had to shorten your question because Kant's views on consciousness are far more complex than space allows.
According to Descartes, thought relates to consciousness. Descartes sets forth in The Principles of Philosophy, Part I "The Principles of Human Knowledge," that thought relates to "everything which happens in us while we are conscious, in so far as there is consciousness of it in us." Since it is difficult to understand humans as being conscious of thoughts as opposed to being conscious of...
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