According to 1984, a hierarchical society is only possible on the foundation of.... 1984>BOOK 2> CHAPTER 9> BOOK OF THE BROTHERHOOD>CHAPTER 3:WAR IS PEACE.

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According to the book, the basic motive for war at that point in history is to maintain the artificial scarcity that dictates a wealthy elite and a poor populace.  The fear is that without that scarcity, the rise of the rest of the population to a life of relative comfort will allow them to understand that there is no need for this hierarchical society and they will reject it by whatever means necessary.  Because of this, a war in which surplus materials are used up and destroyed becomes an absolute necessity for those wishing to maintain that privileged elite.

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