According to Blake and Mouton's managerial grid, can you define each of the different management styles?
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The Blake and Mouton managerial grid divides four quadrants between two managerial concerns. The vertical y-axis of the grid accounts for the managerial concern of "People," which is employee needs and satisfaction. The horizontal x-axis of the grid accounts for the managerial concern of "Production," which is how well employees meet standards and accomplish work goals. The resultant quadrants of the grid reflect the five possibilities for how any individual manager addresses or prioritizes or reflects these two managerial concerns (people, productivity) in combination with each other.
At the highest level of concern for employees combined with the lowest level of concern for production (upper left quadrant at the apex of the y-people-axis and the beginning of the x-production-axis) is the Country Club Leader. This manager has relaxed employees (though some may not necessarily be satisfied if they have internal motivation to achieve) and ineffective productivity. This seems undesirable from a several points of view: personal worth, business success, realistic performance, etc.
At the bottom left-hand corner, at the lowest levels of concern for both people and production where the y-axis and x-axis meet at or around zero, is the Impoverished Leader. This individual has no understanding of employees needs or satisfaction nor any understanding of production requirements and goals. You might say that work situations carry on out of natural inertia: if nothing interferes, works rolls along unimpeded in its own direction and at its own speed. Employee direction and satisfaction is minimal while productivity is sporadic and of unmonitored quality. This seems undesirable from all points of view.
In the middle of the grid--where the y-people-axis and the x-production axis intersect when diagonal lines are drawn from the y-apex and the x-apex--is the Middle-of-the-Road Leader. This leader has similar concern for employees as for production. This manager does not excel at meeting either people concerns or productivity concerns. This manager accomplishes just enough of each concern to satisfy employee and productivity requirements. This is not very commendable but also not the most undesirable.
At the top right of the grid is the Team Leader while at the bottom right is the Produce or Perish Leader.
The Team Leader has the highest levels of people concern and the highest level of productivity concern. This leader knows how to develop cooperative circumstances so that high levels of productivity are achieved while employee needs are met and satisfaction achieved at equally high levels. This leader is the most commendable since people and productivity are equally important.
The Produce or Perish Leader has maximum concern for production and minimum concern for people. Employees are seen as workers paid to accomplish tasks. Their needs and satisfaction are not concerns to the business. This leadership style has nothing to recommend itself and results in high employee turnover, which in turn results in lost productivity.