According to the banker's remarks about the death penalty in "The Bet" by Anton Chekhov, what does he value most in life?

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The banker states to everyone at the party that he believes the death penalty is more humane and moral than life in prison.

"I have not tried either the death penalty or imprisonment for life, but if one may judge a priori, the death penalty is more moral and more humane than imprisonment for life. Capital punishment kills a man at once, but lifelong imprisonment kills him slowly. Which executioner is the more humane, he who kills you in a few minutes or he who drags the life out of you in the course of many years?"

Asking about what he values most in life based on that quote is an interesting question, and readers have to infer through this indirect characterization what the banker might value most. I think that it could be argued that the banker values most a hedonistic life style. He lives for pleasure, and if he is not having any fun, then he isn't accomplishing what he was put on Earth to do. To the banker, life without fun isn't worth living. That's why he believes an immediate execution is preferable to life in prison. Life with suffering isn't worth living. Readers get a bit of support to this character trait moments after he and the lawyer agree to the bet.

The banker, spoilt and frivolous, with millions beyond his reckoning, was delighted at the bet.

The banker has more money than he knows what to do with. The money being put on the line is a trivial amount to him, and it is entirely worth the money because the bet is simply something fun for him to spend his money on. Putting a man in prison for 15 years doesn't concern him as long as the banker is having fun with the bet.

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In "The Bet" by Anton Chekhov, the banker values the quality of life over the quantity of life. He feels that capital punishment is "more moral" than life imprisonment because with capital punishment one is killed immediately. Life imprisonment causes death as well eventually, but it is long and drawn out over many years of suffering. The banker feels that life is not worth living if it cannot be enjoyed. The others at the dinner party disagree with him, most saying that both capital punishment and life imprisonment are immoral.

"'They're both equally immoral," remarked one of the guests, 'because their purpose is the same, to take away life. The state is not all powerful.  It has not right to take away that which it cannot give back if it should so desire.'" (Chekhov 1)

Though the lawyer agrees that both are immoral, he says he would choose life imprisonment over capital punishment, and this is when the banker makes the bet with him. The banker does not think the lawyer can last even five years.

 

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