What are the flaws of the British system of government according to the authors of the Declaration of Independence? What ought government to be like according to the authors of the Declaration?

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The Declaration contains a litany of grievances that set forth the American colonies' reasons for a separation from Great Britain, but one of the most important reasons is stated in the Declaration's first paragraph and often goes ignored, or at least not adequately considered:

. . . all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,

The revolutionary part of this section is not that "all men are created equal," by which the framers of the Declaration really meant all white men who own property are created equal, but that governments exercise their powers because of "the consent of the governed."

For King George III and other monarchs in Europe in the latter quarter of the 18thC., the most radical statement made in the Declaration was not that the King or Parliament had instituted unjust taxes--although that did make the average merchant colonist mad--but that colonists in America were arguing that a ruler governs not by divine right, which was the prevailing belief at the time, but that the people had the power to consent to be ruled by someone.  This sentiment rattled the cages of every monarch from Great Britain to Russia because it undermined the foundation of their right to rule.

After undermining the concept of Divine Right, the Declaration sets forth the specific injustices of Great Britain against the American colonies, beginning with Great Britain's failure to consent to laws that benefit American colonial commerce and ending with the accusation that Great Britain has created unrest among the indigenous people and the colonists.  The Declaration's list of grievances comprises the whole of Great Britain's failure to govern its American colonies properly and, more important, fairly.

As a last comment, I will add that several of the founding fathers came to the conclusion that it made no sense for a small island (Great Britain) to rule a vast continent like America--and this was even before anyone knew exactly how vast America really was.

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The authors of the Declaration of Independence believed the British system was flawed. They believed that since the King had the power to do whatever he wanted to do regarding the colonies, the colonists really weren’t free. The King didn’t have to listen to the concerns of the colonists because the colonists didn’t have representatives in Parliament. They believed the King was acting like a tyrant with the actions he took and by ignoring the concerns of the colonists.

The writers of the Declaration of Independence believed that a government must protect the rights of the people. These natural rights, sometimes called inalienable rights, include the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. They believed that when a government fails to protect the rights of the people, the people must replace that government with one that would protect their rights. Thus, according to the authors of the Declaration of Independence, the colonists had no choice but to rebel against the rule of the British because the British government, despite many attempts by the colonists to bring about changes to avoid war, refused to protect the rights of the colonists and to listen to their concerns.

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