The acceleration of a particle moving in a straight line is given by a(t) = 6(t-3).(b) Find the particle’s displacement during the time interval 0 less than or equal to t is less than or equal to...

The acceleration of a particle moving in a straight line is given by a(t) = 6(t-3).

(b) Find the particle’s displacement during the time interval 0 less than or equal to t is less than or equal to 5.

 

Asked on by mrbest55

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sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

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You need to remember the following relations between acceleration, velocity and displacement such that:

`v(t) = int a(t) dt`

`s(t) = int v(t) dt`

Hence, you need to find the velocity first and then you may evaluate the displacement of particle, over the interval [0,5], such that:

`v(t) = int_0^5 6(t - 3)dt => v(t) = 6int_0^5 (t - 3) dt`

You should split the integral in two, using the property of linearity, such that:

`v(t) = 6int_0^5 (t) dt- 6int_0^5(3) dt`

Using the fundamental theorem of calculus yields:

`v(t) = 6(t^2/2 - 3t)|_0^5 => v(t) = 3*5^2 - 18*5 - 0 + 0`

`v(t) = -15`

`s(t) = |int_0^5 v(t) dt| => s(t) = |- int_0^5 15 dt| => s(t) = 15t|_0^5`

`s(t) = 15*5- 15*0 => s(t) = 75`  units

Hence, evaluating the displacement, under the given conditions, yields `s(t) = 75`  units.

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