The Wal Wal Incident was a skirmish between Italian troops and Ethiopian troops at the Wal Wal oasis in 1934. The incident resulted in the deaths of more than 150 soldiers.
In 1930, Italy built a fort at the Wal Wal oasis that was clearly inside Ethiopian territory, and it was a direct violation of a 1928 treaty. Relations between the two nations remained peaceful for years after the fort was built; however, that ended in late 1934. On November 22, 1934 the Ethiopians arrived at the fort with a force of about 1,000 men. The troops demanded that the Italians turn the fort over to them. The Italians refused, and tensions escalated until a battle broke out between the two forces on December 5 and 6 of 1934.
Both countries blamed the other country, and both sides of the conflict demanded apologies. Ethiopia asked the League of Nations to step in and help; however, the League of Nations decided not to punish either country.